Q&A quickies: Why do we have to allow the product to cool before packaging?

Why do we always say to package your product when it’s reached room temperature? Because we don’t want all that condensation in the bottle or the cap, which can happen when the product is even slightly warm. Before you know it, you have mold and other nasty things growing in the cap that’ll end up…...

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Q&A quickie: When adding a preservative to a lotion master batch, do I add enough preservative to include the FO/EO?

In this post – Back to basics: Making your first lotion! – Leona asked, When adding preservative to a lotion master batch, do I add enough preservative to include the FO/EO? When figuring out how much preservative to use, we want to take into account all the ingredients in the formula. This means the water, aloe…...

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Q&A: How do companies use niacinamide and glycolic acid in the same product?

In the September Q&A, Charlette asked this epic question: Hello Susan! Can you clear up a little dilemma? I have read that Niacinamide is NOT effective in formulas unless the pH is around 6. I also have read that Glycolic Acid is absolutely useless in formulas if the pH is over 4. Here’s my confusion:…...

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Q&A quickies: Conditioner thinning out as it cools? Using powdered surfactants in liquid products? Pressed vs heated shampoo bars?

In the September Q&A, Jenny asked: Hi Susan!! I have a question that I hope you can help me with. I have formulated a hair conditioner that I love with adaptations from your formula but when I make it sometimes (most times and even with precise measurements) after heating and holding and combining the ingredients together…...

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Q&A: What is saccharomyces? Why is it in products?

In the August Q&A, Brian asked: It’s the saccharomyces ingredient that seems new or unusual in both these products. Maybe a yeast of some kind. Rare? How to preserve? Effective for what? Brian referenced these two products, which will lead into another question about what it means for something to be an “essence”. Fresh, Black Tea Kombucha…...

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#alltheingredients: Betaine! Are all these ingredients called “betaine” the same thing?

In the August Q&A post, Amy asked: Hope this isn’t the wrong place to ask, but is Vegemoist (Glycine Betaine- Sugar Beet Extract) the same as TMG or Betaine Anhydrous (dietary supplement)? If so, can I use the powdered supplements for skincare with similar results? The Q&A is the perfect place to ask questions as…...

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Q&A: Can we re-use plastic containers? Can we re-use tins?

In the August Q&A, Stephanie asked, This might be the stupidest question ever, but can I re-use PET containers or metal tins? I’m brand new at this and right now I’m just creating for myself. So when I run out of something, rather than throw the container away and buy a new one, I’d much…...

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Q&A: What’s zinc PCA and how do I formulate with it? (#alltheingredients)

In the July Q&A, Charlette asked, I’ve been looking into developing some skincare for acne/break out prone skin. I’ve been reading about Zinc PCA-but cannot find it ANYWHERE among our usual wonderful suppliers. I ended up requesting samples on Knowde. From what I read-it is not the same as Zinc Oxide? Do you have any suggestions…...

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Q&A: Why is sorbitan olivate in my facial cleanser? And stuff about structured liquids!

In the June Q&A, Heather asked, Can you talk about “coconut alcohol”? I know that it is used an emulsifier but cannot find any place to source the ingredient. It is being used in Oseas Ocean Cleansing Mud. When reading the ingredients list it piqued my curiosity and want to know more about it. They are…...

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Q&A quickies: Formulas for Dead Sea Salts?

In the July Q&A post, Mimi asked, Do you have any good recipes for Dead Sea salt? Also, can I substitute Dead Sea salt for sugar in a sugar scrub? Thank you! The short answer is no, you can’t really substitute Dead Sea Salt for all of the salt or sugar in other products because…...

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